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Today in history: 12 February

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Abraham Lincoln

“Almost every person faces difficulty, but if you want to identify someone’s real character, then give strength in his hand.” American President Abraham Lincoln was born on this day in 1809, presenting his vision to the world.

Born in a very poor family, Abraham Lincoln was fond of writing from his childhood. He studied law on his own. For 20 years, they fought the cases of poor and helpless people for free or at a very low price. During this time, he was so distracted by discrimination, social injustice, oppression, and slavery in America that he chose the path of armed rebellion in the first civil war and then took the path of politics.

With a height of six feet and four inches tall, Lincoln won the first local election with a high. He kept winning hearts by giving slogans of hard work and goodness. He spoke out against the practice of slavery. He told the public that no foreign country can ever destroy America, but if America is devastated then because of the mistakes of its people.

In 1861 Abraham Lincoln became the 16th President of the United States. As soon as he became president, he started raising his voice against racism and in a more vocal manner. Lincoln advocated the right of voting for black Americans. Despite raising America, he kept saying that a dollar earned by hard work is more valuable than five dollars found on the road. These steps of Lincoln, who was irritated by blacks, got angry, Lincoln was shot on April 15, 1865, but in the face of ideas, he is still alive.

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History

Know, the significant role of Bangladesh behind International Mother Language Day

In 1952, UNESCO declared today International Mother Language Day in memory of the students killed during the language movement. 21 February 2000 was first observed as International Mother Language Day.

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In 1952, UNESCO declared today International Mother Language Day in memory of the students killed during the language movement. 21 February 2000 was first observed as International Mother Language Day.

21 February is celebrated as International Mother Language Day. This day holds special significance in the history of Bangladesh. This day is celebrated to honor the diversity of different languages present around the world.

The day is dedicated to those martyred students who waged a campaign for the right to use the Bangla language when Bangladesh was not free, East Bengal was part of Pakistan.

After the partition of India and Pakistan, in 1948, the Government of Pakistan gave Urdu the status of national language. During this time there was strong opposition to this decision in East Pakistan (now Bangladesh).

On 21 February 1952, students of Dhaka University and many other social workers demonstrated. The police opened fire on the protesters for failing to stop the protest. Four students were killed in this incident. Further protests continued in erstwhile East Pakistan. On 29 February 1956, Bangla language got official language status in Pakistan.

In 1952, UNESCO declared today International Mother Language Day in memory of the students killed during the language movement. 21 February 2000 was first observed as International Mother Language Day.

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History: Who started economic reforms in China?

Deng Xiaoping opened the Chinese market to foreign investment and competition between private companies. He is credited with making China one of the fastest growing economies in the world and improving the living standards of people in China. However, even today, they are criticized for not having enough political freedom in China.

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Deng Xiaoping died after a long illness. He had Parkinson's disease. He had been in the hospital for a long time for treatment. He had a lung infection. Despite all efforts, his condition could not be improved. He died on 19 February 1997 at the age of 92.

Deng Xiaoping, who initiated economic reforms in China, breathed his last on 19 February 1997. He came to power in 1978 and it was from here that the period of economic reforms started in China.

In China, he is remembered as a great politician who gave direction to social and economic reforms. However, his name is remembered in the international community for his use of military force to suppress pro-democracy demonstrations at Tiananmen Square in 1989. After this incident, he was condemned worldwide. He is known to take strong action against opponents.

Deng Xiaoping was born on August 22, 1904. He studied in France and then got a job there in 1920. He joined the Chinese Communist Party in 1923. Deng was heavily inspired by Marxism and Leninism and participated in the Long March of 1934 under the leadership of Mao Zedong.

The Chinese economy gained momentum in 1960 with the efforts of Deng Xiaoping. However, it was not easy due to the political policies of the then party president Mao. He was sidelined during the Cultural Revolution in China. After Mao’s death, he returned to the center of power again and in 1978 became the supreme leader of the party, defeating Mao’s heir Guofeng.

He opened the Chinese market to foreign investment and competition between private companies. He is credited with making China one of the fastest growing economies in the world and improving the living standards of people in China. However, even today, they are criticized for not having enough political freedom in China.

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History: Is Pluto a planet now?

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"The orbit of any planet should not pass through the orbit of another planet." Pluto's orbit was cutting Neptune's orbit.

Pluto was discovered on 18 February 1930, which was considered as the ninth planet in our solar system for a long time. However, his age as a planet proved to be only 76 years.

On February 18, 1930, at the Lowell Observatory in Arizona, USA, Astronomer Clyde W. Tombaugh discovered a distant planet with the help of photographic plates and a blink microscope. This discovery was also confirmed by many other scientists. The discovery of Pluto was also announced on March 13, 1930, on Lowell’s date of birth and the discovery of Uranus.

In 1929, the position of this planet was estimated with the help of data. Astronomer Clyde W. Tombaugh at the Lowell Observatory in Arizona, USA. However, the possibility of Pluto was first expressed by the scientist Percival Lowell. He said that the stagger between Uranus and Neptune in the solar system is due to the gravity of an unknown planet. He did more than a decade of research in this regard but did not succeed.

Although the International Astronomical Union in 2006 stripped the status of planet Pluto. The reason for this was a new rule, “The orbit of any planet should not pass through the orbit of another planet.” Pluto’s orbit was cutting Neptune’s orbit.

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