Last year, about 1,60,000 people died in the world’s five most populous cities due to severe pollution. According to the report of Greenpeace South East Asia, Delhi was found to be the most polluted capital on the earth. However, the air quality also improved due to the lockdown.
There are estimated to be around 54,000 deaths due to the dangerous Particulate Matter (PM) 2.5 in Delhi. In Japan’s capital, Tokyo, there were 40,000 deaths due to air pollution. According to the report, the remaining deaths were reported in Shanghai, Sao Paulo and Mexico City. The report studies the effect of micro PM2.5 arising from burning of fossil fuels.
Despite the high number of deaths last year, vehicles were not paved under lockdown to prevent the spread of the corona virus worldwide, polluting industries were shut down, keeping the skies of big cities temporarily clear.
During the lockdown, Delhi’s air quality improved and the sky too was clear. Environmentalists say that due to the lockdown, death is reduced due to heavy falls in some polluting elements. Nevertheless, Greenpeace has urged governments to invest in renewable energy.
The global cost of air pollution caused by fossil fuels is eight billion dollars per day. It is 3.3 percent of the world’s GDP. PM2.5 particles are considered the most harmful for health. These particles cause the most damage to the heart and lungs and there is also a risk of a severe asthma attack. Some research has linked PM2.5 to a higher risk of deaths from Covid-19.
The report used an online tool to estimate the effects of PM2.5 by taking air quality data from the monitoring site IQAir and linking it to scientific risk models as well as population and health data.
It’s true there is no Planet B
The coming months will be important in the fight against climate change.
Its efforts to meet the climate targets set under the Paris Climate Change Agreement and better health services can save 1 crore lives every year in nine countries. According to Lancet Planetary Health research, by 2040, 60.4 million people in Brazil, China, Germany, India, Indonesia, Nigeria, South Africa, Britain, and America alone can save lives, 10.6 lakhs from clean air and regular physical activities. The lives of another 20 lakh people can be saved.
These countries account for more than half of the world’s population and they account for about 70 percent of the total global emissions. Toxic emissions from fossil fuel-driven industries, transportation, agriculture, and heating systems pollute the air and contribute to global warming.
According to Ian Hamilton, lead author and executive director of Lancet Countdown on Health and Climate Change, “The report is critical to combat climate change. This will not only prevent millions of people from dying prematurely every year but through better health. Quality of life will also be better for millions of people. ”
However, under the Paris Climate Agreement, a large number of countries have promised to curb emission levels to limit global temperature rise to within 2 ° C. But at the current rate of emissions declared by governments under the National Level Determined Commitment (NDC), the world can see an increase in temperature of more than 3 ° C.
The study’s findings have come at a critical moment when policy makers from more than 170 countries meet in Glasgow for the annual climate change conference in November this year. Governments will submit their revised NDCs to complete the Paris Climate Change Agreement. This year’s climate talks will also be important in view of America’s announcement to rejoin the climate agreement and China’s pledge to become carbon neutral by the year 2060.
Which country will save Rohingya refugees stranded at sea near Andaman?
Immediate steps need to be taken to save those lives and prevent the tragedy from escalating.
The UN refugee body has asked for the immediate rescue of the hungry and thirsty Rohingya refugees trapped in a boat in the sea of Andaman. It is feared that some of the people aboard the boat have died. The UNHCR says that the boat took off from southern Bangladesh about 10 days ago but its engine broke on the way.
A senior Indian Coast Guard official told Reuters that the boat has been traced in an area near the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Official information about how many people are in the boat is not available, but human rights organizations say that there are at least 90 people in it. UNHCR said in a statement, “Immediate steps need to be taken to save those lives and prevent the tragedy from escalating.”
According to Chris Leva, director of The Arakan Project, a group aware of the Rohingya crisis, at least eight people have died on the boat. Leva says that the Indian Navy ships located near the boat had given some food and water to the refugees trapped in the boat, but what would happen to them could not be said. The Rohingya Human Rights Initiative, another organization associated with the Rohingyas, says 65 women and girls, 20 men, and five children under the age of two are among those aboard.
According to UNHCR, the boat originated from Cox’s Bazar, a coastal district in Bangladesh where about 1 million Rohingya refugees who fled their lives from Myanmar are living in bad conditions in refugee camps. Officials in Bangladesh say that they are not aware of the exit of any boat from the camps.
Countries of the world that have changed their names
What’s in a name?
Iran’s old name was Persia. In 1935, the government of Iran declared that it should now be called Iran instead of Persia. Today, the name Iran is prevalent everywhere. After the Islamic Revolution in 1979, the country’s official name is the Islamic Republic of Iran.
Cambodia has changed its name several times. Between 1953 and 1970, the name of the country was Kingdom of Cambodia, and from 1970 to 1975 the world knew it as Khmer Republic. When the monarchy was restored in the country, its name again became the Kingdom of Cambodia. By the way, Khmer people like to call themselves Kampuchea.
Myanmar was formerly called Burma. The military government named the country Myanmar in 1989. France, Japan, and the United Nations accepted the name, but the United States and Britain continued to use the name Burma for a long time.
When the Middle East country Jordan was under Britain, its name was Transjordan. He gained independence in 1946 and in 1949 the country was again renamed “The Hashimite Kingdom of Jordan”. Jordan is the name of a river. It is believed that Jesus Christ was baptized in this river.
The northern part of the current Ethiopia was formerly ruled by the kingdom of Abyssinia. But during the second world war, King Helle Selassie renamed the country from Abyssinia to Ethiopia. However, some experts believe that the name of Ethiopia was always the same and the name Abyssinia was popularized by the Arabs.
In March 1885, Britain officially colonized Botswana and with this its name became Bechuanaland. But on 30 September 1966, this country became independent and the country was named Botswana. The name was named after the country’s largest ethnic group, Tewana.
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