Last year, about 1,60,000 people died in the world’s five most populous cities due to severe pollution. According to the report of Greenpeace South East Asia, Delhi was found to be the most polluted capital on the earth. However, the air quality also improved due to the lockdown.
There are estimated to be around 54,000 deaths due to the dangerous Particulate Matter (PM) 2.5 in Delhi. In Japan’s capital, Tokyo, there were 40,000 deaths due to air pollution. According to the report, the remaining deaths were reported in Shanghai, Sao Paulo and Mexico City. The report studies the effect of micro PM2.5 arising from burning of fossil fuels.
Despite the high number of deaths last year, vehicles were not paved under lockdown to prevent the spread of the corona virus worldwide, polluting industries were shut down, keeping the skies of big cities temporarily clear.
During the lockdown, Delhi’s air quality improved and the sky too was clear. Environmentalists say that due to the lockdown, death is reduced due to heavy falls in some polluting elements. Nevertheless, Greenpeace has urged governments to invest in renewable energy.
The global cost of air pollution caused by fossil fuels is eight billion dollars per day. It is 3.3 percent of the world’s GDP. PM2.5 particles are considered the most harmful for health. These particles cause the most damage to the heart and lungs and there is also a risk of a severe asthma attack. Some research has linked PM2.5 to a higher risk of deaths from Covid-19.
The report used an online tool to estimate the effects of PM2.5 by taking air quality data from the monitoring site IQAir and linking it to scientific risk models as well as population and health data.
Unknown Facts, Why is ‘Easter’ festival celebrated in the World
This tradition is now extinct. In olden times, women from some river used to bring water on the night of Easter Sunday. By keeping silent while fetching water, beauty was believed to be maintained and fertility was increased.
The way in which the Easter festival is celebrated today is actually a combination of Christianity and old traditions. Easter is celebrated to commemorate Jesus’ departure from the world and his resurrection.
Easter is likewise the festival of the resurrection of Jesus. But its symbols and traditions are not as religious. Easter eggs, rabbits, lambs have all become part of folk tradition rather than Christianity. It is remembered in the Catholic Church meeting that on this day Jesus ate bread with his disciples and drank from a single cup. This phenomenon is often seen in pictures or sung in songs in the church.
Jesus’ death is remembered on this day. Fish is eaten exclusively on this day. Apart from this, “earth and heaven” means animals that walk on the ground and fly in the sky are not eaten. Whether associated with religion or not, Easter is not fun without colorful eggs. Traditionally parents hide these eggs and children have to find them. Eggs are a symbol of resurrection in Christianity.
In science, it is absurd that a rabbit brings Easter eggs. But it is associated with spring. The first animals to bring such gifts included chickens or cranes. Another symbol associated with Christianity is that of sheep. This shows the torture of innocent Jesus. It also reminds of the incident when the people led by Moses came out of Egypt. People in Israel put the blood of the lamb at their doors so that the angel of death protects them.
The light emanating from the Easter candle shows the enlightenment of his devotees due to Jesus’ resurrection. It symbolizes victory over Jesus’ death. Church bells are played on the Sunday of Easter to announce the resurrection. Special prayers are also held on this day.
It’s true there is no Planet B
The coming months will be important in the fight against climate change.
Its efforts to meet the climate targets set under the Paris Climate Change Agreement and better health services can save 1 crore lives every year in nine countries. According to Lancet Planetary Health research, by 2040, 60.4 million people in Brazil, China, Germany, India, Indonesia, Nigeria, South Africa, Britain, and America alone can save lives, 10.6 lakhs from clean air and regular physical activities. The lives of another 20 lakh people can be saved.
These countries account for more than half of the world’s population and they account for about 70 percent of the total global emissions. Toxic emissions from fossil fuel-driven industries, transportation, agriculture, and heating systems pollute the air and contribute to global warming.
According to Ian Hamilton, lead author and executive director of Lancet Countdown on Health and Climate Change, “The report is critical to combat climate change. This will not only prevent millions of people from dying prematurely every year but through better health. Quality of life will also be better for millions of people. ”
However, under the Paris Climate Agreement, a large number of countries have promised to curb emission levels to limit global temperature rise to within 2 ° C. But at the current rate of emissions declared by governments under the National Level Determined Commitment (NDC), the world can see an increase in temperature of more than 3 ° C.
The study’s findings have come at a critical moment when policy makers from more than 170 countries meet in Glasgow for the annual climate change conference in November this year. Governments will submit their revised NDCs to complete the Paris Climate Change Agreement. This year’s climate talks will also be important in view of America’s announcement to rejoin the climate agreement and China’s pledge to become carbon neutral by the year 2060.
Which country will save Rohingya refugees stranded at sea near Andaman?
Immediate steps need to be taken to save those lives and prevent the tragedy from escalating.
The UN refugee body has asked for the immediate rescue of the hungry and thirsty Rohingya refugees trapped in a boat in the sea of Andaman. It is feared that some of the people aboard the boat have died. The UNHCR says that the boat took off from southern Bangladesh about 10 days ago but its engine broke on the way.
A senior Indian Coast Guard official told Reuters that the boat has been traced in an area near the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Official information about how many people are in the boat is not available, but human rights organizations say that there are at least 90 people in it. UNHCR said in a statement, “Immediate steps need to be taken to save those lives and prevent the tragedy from escalating.”
According to Chris Leva, director of The Arakan Project, a group aware of the Rohingya crisis, at least eight people have died on the boat. Leva says that the Indian Navy ships located near the boat had given some food and water to the refugees trapped in the boat, but what would happen to them could not be said. The Rohingya Human Rights Initiative, another organization associated with the Rohingyas, says 65 women and girls, 20 men, and five children under the age of two are among those aboard.
According to UNHCR, the boat originated from Cox’s Bazar, a coastal district in Bangladesh where about 1 million Rohingya refugees who fled their lives from Myanmar are living in bad conditions in refugee camps. Officials in Bangladesh say that they are not aware of the exit of any boat from the camps.
- Unknown Facts, Why is ‘Easter’ festival celebrated in the World
- It’s true there is no Planet B
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- Which country will save Rohingya refugees stranded at sea near Andaman?
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