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Since the 17th century, these historical revolutions have changed the map of the world

The Chinese revolution is a long period of political riot that lasted from 1911 to 1949, which ended the power of the Manchu dynasty and established communist rule in the country.

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The Chinese revolution is a long period of political riot that lasted from 1911 to 1949, which ended the power of the Manchu dynasty and established communist rule in the country.

American Revolution
The American Revolution was a campaign of political opposition in which 13 colonies of North American merged and declared their independence from the British government and their own United States. Around 35-75 thousand Americans and 70 thousand Britishers were killed.

Haitian revolution
In 1791, in the third week of August, suddenly the slaves of St. Dominic revolted and the country started burning in the heat of civil war.

Within 10 days, the slaves unexpectedly captured the entire northern province and the power of the white people was reduced to small parts. The Legislature of France had to pass the resolution. One million black and 24 thousand white people were lost their lives in this revolution.

French Revolution
The period from 1789 to 1799 was a drastic change for Europe. The demand for political reforms in France turned into a revolution and the power of monarchy, oligarchy, and the church collapsed in the storm of this revolution.

There was a terror era in France from 1793 to 1794 during the revolution. During this period, 40 thousand people were either murdered or they were hanged.

Turk Revolution
Ottoman youths in 1908 overturned the decision of Sultan Abdul Hameed II to suspend the Ottoman Parliament. It was only after this incident that the path of constitutional government came back in the country.

The movement also received support from the Bulgarians, Arabs, Jews, Armenians, and Greeks and Turkey became a nation-state under the young leadership of Kamal Ataturk.

Cuban Revolution
In 1952, General Fulgencio Batista sacked the President of Cuba and canceled all elections. This incident infuriated a young lawyer and for the next seven years, he fought to overthrow the government of Batista.

Finally, in 1959, Batista was defeated and the young lawyer became the Prime Minister of the country. The name of that lawyer was Fidel Castro. At least 5 thousand people died in this revolution.

Iran’s Islamic Revolution
During the Islamic Revolution, Shah Mohammed Raza of the Pahlavi dynasty was overthrown from Iran and Iran became the Islamic Republic under the rule of Ayatollah Khamenei, who was leading the revolution. Strikes and demonstrations between August and December left the country powerless. Shah had to leave the country and Ayatollah Khamenei returned to Tehran and took over the reins of the country. During this time more than 2700 people lost their lives.

Revolution of china
The Chinese revolution is a long period of political riot that lasted from 1911 to 1949, which ended the power of the Manchu dynasty and established communist rule in the country.

Mao Tse Tung emerged as the country’s leader. The Chinese government never tells how many people died in this revolution, but information from other sources shows that about 1.5 million nationalists and 2.5 lakh communists died during this period.

Russia’s October Revolution
The October Revolution was only the second part of the Russian Revolution in 1917. The first part was done in February that year.

During the October Revolution, the Russian Provincial Government was overthrown in Petrograd and all the powers were handed over to the local Soviets in which the Bolsheviks dominated. This revolution was not considered outside Petrograd, so it was also opposed and civil war broke out in a result. 700 people died.

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It’s true there is no Planet B

The coming months will be important in the fight against climate change.

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The coming months will be important in the fight against climate change.

Its efforts to meet the climate targets set under the Paris Climate Change Agreement and better health services can save 1 crore lives every year in nine countries. According to Lancet Planetary Health research, by 2040, 60.4 million people in Brazil, China, Germany, India, Indonesia, Nigeria, South Africa, Britain, and America alone can save lives, 10.6 lakhs from clean air and regular physical activities. The lives of another 20 lakh people can be saved.

These countries account for more than half of the world’s population and they account for about 70 percent of the total global emissions. Toxic emissions from fossil fuel-driven industries, transportation, agriculture, and heating systems pollute the air and contribute to global warming.

According to Ian Hamilton, lead author and executive director of Lancet Countdown on Health and Climate Change, “The report is critical to combat climate change. This will not only prevent millions of people from dying prematurely every year but through better health. Quality of life will also be better for millions of people. ”

However, under the Paris Climate Agreement, a large number of countries have promised to curb emission levels to limit global temperature rise to within 2 ° C. But at the current rate of emissions declared by governments under the National Level Determined Commitment (NDC), the world can see an increase in temperature of more than 3 ° C.

The study’s findings have come at a critical moment when policy makers from more than 170 countries meet in Glasgow for the annual climate change conference in November this year. Governments will submit their revised NDCs to complete the Paris Climate Change Agreement. This year’s climate talks will also be important in view of America’s announcement to rejoin the climate agreement and China’s pledge to become carbon neutral by the year 2060.

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Which country will save Rohingya refugees stranded at sea near Andaman?

Immediate steps need to be taken to save those lives and prevent the tragedy from escalating.

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Immediate steps need to be taken to save those lives and prevent the tragedy from escalating.

The UN refugee body has asked for the immediate rescue of the hungry and thirsty Rohingya refugees trapped in a boat in the sea of Andaman. It is feared that some of the people aboard the boat have died. The UNHCR says that the boat took off from southern Bangladesh about 10 days ago but its engine broke on the way.

A senior Indian Coast Guard official told Reuters that the boat has been traced in an area near the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Official information about how many people are in the boat is not available, but human rights organizations say that there are at least 90 people in it. UNHCR said in a statement, “Immediate steps need to be taken to save those lives and prevent the tragedy from escalating.”

According to Chris Leva, director of The Arakan Project, a group aware of the Rohingya crisis, at least eight people have died on the boat. Leva says that the Indian Navy ships located near the boat had given some food and water to the refugees trapped in the boat, but what would happen to them could not be said. The Rohingya Human Rights Initiative, another organization associated with the Rohingyas, says 65 women and girls, 20 men, and five children under the age of two are among those aboard.

According to UNHCR, the boat originated from Cox’s Bazar, a coastal district in Bangladesh where about 1 million Rohingya refugees who fled their lives from Myanmar are living in bad conditions in refugee camps. Officials in Bangladesh say that they are not aware of the exit of any boat from the camps.

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Countries of the world that have changed their names

What’s in a name?

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Iran
Iran’s old name was Persia. In 1935, the government of Iran declared that it should now be called Iran instead of Persia. Today, the name Iran is prevalent everywhere. After the Islamic Revolution in 1979, the country’s official name is the Islamic Republic of Iran.

Cambodia
Cambodia has changed its name several times. Between 1953 and 1970, the name of the country was Kingdom of Cambodia, and from 1970 to 1975 the world knew it as Khmer Republic. When the monarchy was restored in the country, its name again became the Kingdom of Cambodia. By the way, Khmer people like to call themselves Kampuchea.

Myanmar
Myanmar was formerly called Burma. The military government named the country Myanmar in 1989. France, Japan, and the United Nations accepted the name, but the United States and Britain continued to use the name Burma for a long time.

Jordan
When the Middle East country Jordan was under Britain, its name was Transjordan. He gained independence in 1946 and in 1949 the country was again renamed “The Hashimite Kingdom of Jordan”. Jordan is the name of a river. It is believed that Jesus Christ was baptized in this river.

Ethiopia
The northern part of the current Ethiopia was formerly ruled by the kingdom of Abyssinia. But during the second world war, King Helle Selassie renamed the country from Abyssinia to Ethiopia. However, some experts believe that the name of Ethiopia was always the same and the name Abyssinia was popularized by the Arabs.

Botswana
In March 1885, Britain officially colonized Botswana and with this its name became Bechuanaland. But on 30 September 1966, this country became independent and the country was named Botswana. The name was named after the country’s largest ethnic group, Tewana.

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